International importance of Transsib being the shortest “land bridge” between Europe and Asia
On the international level the Trans-Siberian Mainline connecting Russia, Europe and CIS countries with Asia-Pacific is a reliable backbone for the transportation of bilateral and transit cargo via the Europe-Asia route.
The Trans-Siberian Mainline is included in the projects of international organizations such as UNECE, ESCAP and OSJD as a priority route between Europe and Asia.
The Trans-Siberian corridor is an example of an efficient transport system. The Trans-Siberian Mainline is currently capable of transporting up to 100 million tons of cargo per year including up to 250,000 – 300,000 of international transit containers (TEU). In future the transportation volume of the latter can account for up to 1 million TEU per year.
Dynamics of cargo transportation on the TSR in multi-tonnage containers, 1999 – 2016 (TEU)
Today there are more than 30 domestic and international container train routes on the Trans-Siberian mainline.
The main container train routes, passing through Transsib are given below:
- Nakhodka-Vostochnaya, Vladivostok – Buslovskaya
- Nakhodka-Vostochnaya, Vladivostok – Martsevo
- Nakhodka-Vostochnaya – Moscow
- Nakhodka-Vostochnaya – Brest
- Nakhodka-Vostochnaya – Budapest, Berlin
- Zabaikalsk – Martsevo
- Beijing – Zabaikalsk – Buslovskaya
- Beijing – Zabaikalsk – Moscow
- Beijing – Zabaikalsk – Brest
- Berlin – Brest – Moscow /Kuntsevo-2, Bekasovo; Grossbeeren– Malasheviche – CIS countries («Ostwind»)
- Moscow / Kuntsevo -2, Bekasovo – Berlin («Westwind»)
- Moscow / Kuntsevo -2, Bekasovo – Slavkuv – Budapest («Chardash»)
- Kaluga 1 – Brest – Berlin («Volkswagen»)
- Brest – Ulan Bator – Erlan; Huh-Hoto– Ulan Bator – Naushki – Brest («Mongolian vector»),
- Lithuania – Latvia – Russia – Kazakhstan – Uzbekistan («Baltic – Transit»),
- Brest – Arys («Kazakhstan vector»),
- Alashankou– Dostyk – Ozinki – Kalypeda port («Saule»)
- Riga – Ozinki – Aktobe («Eurasia 1»).
Competitive advantages of transportations on the Transsib:
• high journey speed of the accelerated container trains, especially in the transit traffic;
• absence of real alternatives for some transport routes;
• high ecological efficiency of transportations.
The ideology of developing of the Trans-Siberian transportations is focused on following key principles:
1. Client orientation.
2. Unity and coherence of transportation process.
3. Workability and innovativeness.
4. Creation of common mechanism to coordinate interests of parties participating in transportation.
5. Investment attractiveness.